The Oneness of God – Tawheed

Salaam and Greetings of Peace:

He is One but not as number, and He is Manifest but not by way of associating; He is Evident but not by way of being visible. He is intrinsic but not by separation, and He is apart but not by distance. And He is near but not by proximity.

– Imam Al-Ridha, attributed in Al-Amali, ch. 13, #4

Alhamdulillah!  Indeed, Allah is beyond all classification, and He is beyond the fives senses and the six directions. Infinity and eternity are in His hands, and He is beyond them also. He is all Being and all Non-Being, and His signs are on the horizons and in ourselves. And He is Love.

Ya Haqq!

Gratefully taken from the most excellent Al Musawwir blog.


10 Responses to The Oneness of God – Tawheed

  1. PB and J says:

    salaam aleikum

    i agree with you that God is one. but my question might be, what does “one” mean? in english we often refer to “one” group of people, or “one” bunch of grapes, etc. in the same way, isnt it possible that God is multiple people in one being?

    just some questions.


  2. Abdur Rahman says:

    Salaams Irving bhai

    Ya Allah! Ya Haqq!

  3. Irving says:

    Salaam Alaikum:

    Thank you both for the comments :)

    In the Sufi view, the universe of multiplicity, where numbers and people and grapes exist, was created for consciousness, specifically the consciousness of human beings, who evolved to recognize the existance of, and worship and serve its Creator, who sustains it through His being of Love, Compassion and Mercy.

    That this Oneness is not a number all mystics agree, as numbers are quantifiable and comprehensible, and God is not by the human mind. It is only the soul, that divine spark within us that connects us to that Oneness, that allows us a glimpse of Hu. All other views are human attrributes of the multiplicity.

    This subject requires a treatise, such as was written by past sages like ibn Arabi, so I will not belabour the topic. Suffice it to say, as the Sufis do, that whatever you can conceive of God, is not God, for God the infinite cannot be known by the finite mind, except as much as He wills.

    Ya Haqq!

  4. James says:

    Lahut…the Unfathomable. A beautiful reminder, Tawheed.

    Peace and Blessings Always.

  5. Ya Haqq!

    Thank you very much…

    Similar to first Imam Ali’s sermon who said,

    Whoever said in what is He, held that He is contained; and whoever said on what is He held He is not on something else. He is a Being but not through phenomenon of coming into being. He exists but not from non-existence. He is with everything but not in physical nearness. He is different from everything but not in physical separation. He acts but without connotation of movements and instruments. He sees even when there is none to be looked at from among His creation. He is only One, such that there is none with whom He may keep company or whom He may miss in his absence.
    (Third paragraph)

  6. Abdul Muneer says:

    Salaams everyone.
    Irving bhai, words cannot express my feelings towards you. Indeed the lovers of my Beloved too are my beloveds. How I wish for my Beloved. May Allah take away all our veils (Amin).
    Pray for me..

  7. almiskeenah says:

    Assalamu alaikum,
    such an exchange of a treasure trove of gems, Jazakukullahu khairan.
    I add a few more:
    In the orchard a Sufi inclined his face Sufi fashion upon his knee,
    and sank deeply into mystical absorption.
    A rude man nearby became annoyed:
    “Why are you sleeping?” he exclaimed.
    Look at the vines, behold the trees and the signs of God’s mercy.
    Pay attention to the Lord’s command:
    Look ye and turn your face toward these signs of His mercy.”
    The Sufi replied, “O heedless one, the true signs are within the heart:
    that which is external is only the sign of the signs.”
    The real orchard and vineyards are within the very essence of the soul:
    the reflection upon that which is external
    is like a reflection in running water.
    In the water only a reflected image of the orchard
    quivers with the water’s subtle movement.
    The real orchards and fruit flourish within the heart:
    the reflection of their beauty
    falls upon the water and earth of this world.
    If this world were not merely the reflection
    of that delectable cypress, the heart of the saint,
    then God would not have called it the abode of deception.
    Oh happy is the one who has died before death,
    for he has become acquainted with the origin of this vineyard.
    Rumi [IV, 1358-66;72]
    Translated by Camille and Kabir Helminski
    Wassalamu alaikum

  8. Irving says:

    Salaam and Greetings of Peace Dear Brothers and Sister:

    Thank you for adding to the post by your lovely and most rewarding comments :) Inshallah, they will become part of the larger understanding of the principle of tawheed. The link Brother Ismail provided to the sermon of Imam Ali is exceptionall beautiful and a much better explanation than I could give.

    This is says it all for me: From Allah we come, to Allah we return. All the rest is life in the multiplicity of His wonderous universe. La illaha illa Allah!

    Ya Haqq!

  9. priya says:

    He is alpha and omega….beginning and the end ,and only He knows where He begins and where He poor mind neither comprehend nor fathom this ……but thanks for sharing.

  10. sf says:

    May Allah(swt) reward you beyond measure for sharing this magnificent post on ‘Tawheed’, Brother Irving!

    wish to add some excerpts on Tawheed from ‘Revival of the Religious Sciences’ by Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali :

    Allah is singular in His essence with no partner, Unique with no equivalent, Absolute, no opposite has He, Alone without peer. He is beginningless without predecessor, perpetual of being without end, singularly sustaining everything without stop. He is not victim to termination or cessation, or to the elapsing of spans or the passing of interims. Rather He is the First and the Last; the Outward and the Inward – and He has knowledge of everything.

    He is not a body with form, nor is He a confined or quantifiable substance. He does not resemble bodies in quantifiably or divisibility. Rather He resembles nothing existent, nor does anything existent resemble Him. There is absolutely nothing like Him, nor is He like anything.

    No measure confines Him, no space contains Him, no direction encompasses Him, nor do the heavens surround Him.

    He is above everything until the farthest reaches of the stars – an above-ness that does not increase His nearness to the heavens; rather He is exalted in degree above the heavens to the same extent that He is exalted in degree above the depths of the earth. Notwithstanding, He is near to all existence, and He is nearer to the bondsman than his jugular vein. His nearness, however, no more resembles the nearness of bodies one to another than His essence resembles the essences of bodies.

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