Salaam and Greetings of Peace:
“When we recite the opening chapter of the Holy Qu’ran, these words are a conversation between the believer and his Lord. When the servant of God says: “In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful,” the Lord says: “My servant is calling Me.” And when he says: “Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, the Beneficent, the Merciful,” the Lord says: “My servant knows Me and he praises me, for I love him and I overlook his faults.” When the believer says: “Master of the Day of Requital,” the Lord says: “My servant knows that he will come back to Me, and depends on My justice and forgiveness.”
The call to prayer consists of reciting four times, “Allah is greatest.” Twice, “I witness that there is no god but Allah.” Twice, “I witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” Twice, “Come to salvation,” twice, “Come to felicity,” and again twice, “Allah is greatest.” Finally, at the end, the reciter says once, “There is no God but Allah. ”
The reason that these phrases are repeated is that Muslims believe that every human being is born a Muslim (that is, born in submission to God) – in fact, everything created is created as a Muslim. Some have remembered their original submission to God, while others have not. The first repetition addresses those who realize their state. The second is to remind those who have forgotten.
– From Muhyiddin ibn al-‘Arabi’s book, The Tree of Being, interpreted by Shaykh Tosun Bayrak.